Window air conditioner is sometimes referred to as room air conditioner as well. It is the simplest form of an air conditioning system and is mounted on windows or walls. It is a single unit that is assembled in a casing where all the components are located.
This refrigeration unit has a double shaft fan motor with fans mounted on both sides of the motor. One at the evaporator side and the other at the condenser side.
The evaporator side is located facing the room for cooling of the space and the condenser side outdoor for heat rejection. There is an insulated partition separating this two sides within the same casing.
The front panel is the one that is seen by the user from inside the room where it is installed and has a user interfaced control be it electronically or mechanically. Older unit usually are of mechanical control type with rotary knobs to control the temperature and fan speed of the air conditioner.
The newer units come with electronic control system where the functions are controlled using remote control and touch panel with digital display. The front panel has adjustable horizontal and vertical(some models) louvers where the direction of air flow are adjustable to suit the comfort of the users.